The latest eruption of violence has raised the specter of another devastating war and once again drawn international attention to the impoverished, densely populated strip. Gaza, sandwiched between Israel and Egypt, is just 25 miles 40 kilometers long and six miles 10 kilometers wide. Large numbers of Palestinians who fled or were driven from what is now Israel ended up in Gaza, and the refugees and their descendants now number 1. The Palestinians want all three territories to form their future state.
Hundreds die in Israel raid on Gaza
Factbox - Developments in Israel-Gaza fighting, 28 Dec - Israel | ReliefWeb
This is the fourth round of major conflict between Israel and Hamas since in Gaza, which is a self-governing Palestinian territory with around 2 million residents. Gaza is located along the Mediterranean Sea between Israel and Egypt and is only 25 miles long and six miles wide. Gaza was part of the British-ruled Palestine Mandate before the war surrounding Israel's creation. When Britain left the region, Jewish leaders declared the creation of the state of Israel, which many Palestinians objected and war followed in In the subsequent years, large numbers of Palestinians fled or were driven from Israel and settled in Gaza.
Israel-Gaza conflict: A history of ongoing tensions
Salam Fayyad, the Palestinian prime minister, condemned the attack and demanded an immediate cessation. Hours after the Israeli assault, Gaza fighters fired home-made rockets into southern Israel, heeding calls by Hamas and other affiliated Palestinian groups to avenge the attacks, unprecedented in their scale. We will continue our struggle with absolute strength and steadfastness.
Gaza Strip. Salafi jihadists. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The Gaza—Israel conflict is a part of the localized Israeli—Palestinian conflict , but is also a scene of power struggle between regional powers including Egypt , Iran and Turkey together with Qatar , supporting different sides of the conflict in light of the regional standoff between Iran and Saudi Arabia  on one hand and between Qatar and Saudi Arabia on the other , as well as crisis in Egyptian-Turkish relations.