The speakers are the linguistic descendants of ancient Sparta, the iconic Greek city-state, and part of a rich cultural heritage and population called Tsakonian. Instead, Kounia translates for him in Greek, and he then tells me, like a game of Chinese whispers. I am in awe. Today, only about 2, of the 10, Tsakonians, primarily elders, still speak Tsakonika at all, and the language is limited to 13 towns, villages and hamlets located around Pera Melana. Yet, its future remains uncertain. It is my duty to do so.
Sparta - Wikipedia
Greece Travel Guide. Greek Island Guide. Hotels of Greece. I guess I have always had an affinity for Sparta. After all it is my home town. I'm a Spartan despite never having spent even one night here.
It lies at the site of ancient Sparta. The municipality was merged with six nearby municipalities in , for a total population as of of 35,, of whom 17, lived in the city. Beginning in the 13th century, the political and cultural center of Laconia shifted to Mystras , some 4 km to the west. The settlement at ancient Sparta, named Lacedaemonia, continued to exist, although greatly depopulated, until modern times as a town of a few thousand people who lived among the ruins, in the shadow of Mystras.
Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the leading force of the unified Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars , in rivalry with the rising naval power of Athens. After the division of the Roman Empire , Sparta underwent a long period of decline, especially in the Middle Ages , when many of its citizens moved to Mystras. Modern Sparta is the capital of the southern Greek region of Laconia and a center for processing citrus and olives. Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution , which were supposedly introduced by the semi-mythical legislator Lycurgus. His laws configured the Spartan society to maximize military proficiency at all costs, focusing all social institutions on military training and physical development.